Objective To observe and evaluate the short-term effectiveness of superior capsular reconstruction using autologous fascia lata graft for irreparable massive rotator cuff tears. Methods The clinical data of 9 patients with irreparable massive rotator cuff tears treated with arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction by using autologous fascia lata graft between September 2019 and April 2020 were retrospectively analysed. There were 4 males and 5 females with a median age of 66 years (range, 55-70 years). The disease duration was 6-60 months with an average of 19.1 months. According to Hamada classification, the patients were classified as grade 1 in 2 cases, grade 2 in 2 cases, grade 3 in 2 cases, and grade 4 in 3 cases. Before and after operation, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the improvement of shoulder joint pain, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant score, and the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder function score were used to evaluate the improvement of shoulder joint function. The active range of motion of shoulder joint was recorded, including forward flexion, abduction, lateral external rotation, and internal rotation. The changes of subacromial space were recorded by anteroposterior X-ray film of shoulder joint. Sugaya classification was used to judge the integrity of rotator cuff immediately after operation and at last follow-up. Results The operation time was 210-380 minutes, with an average of 302.3 minutes. All incisions healed by first intention after operation, and there was no complication such as infection and nonunion of incisions. Two patients had numbness of the upper limbs on the surgical side after operation, and the numbness completely relieved at 6 weeks after operation; 5 cases with preoperative pseudoparalysis symptoms recovered after operation. Nine patients were followed up 12-17 months, with an average of 14.1 months. At last follow-up, the patient’s active range of motion of shoulder joint (forward flexion, abduction, lateral external rotation, and internal rotation), subacromial space distance, VAS score, ASES score, Constant score, and UCLA score significantly improved when compared with preoperative ones (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the Sugaya classification between at last follow-up and immediately after operation (Z=−1.633, P=0.102). Conclusion Superior capsular reconstruction using autologous fascia lata graft can restore the superior stability and achieve a good short-term effectiveness for irreparable massive rotator cuff tears.
LI Huaisheng, MA Lin, LI Yan, TAO Xu, LIAO Yatao, YANG Aining, ZHOU Binghua, TANG Kanglai. The short-term effectiveness of superior capsular reconstruction using autologous fascia lata graft for irreparable massive rotator cuff tears. Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, 2021, 35(11): 1427-1433. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.202104003