• Department of Stomatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu Anhui, 233004, P.R.China;
LI Jiancheng, Email: ljc7426@163.com
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Objective  To investigate the effectiveness of free peroneal artery chimeric perforator flap in repairing the defect after advanced local lesions resection in parotid gland carcinoma (PGC). Methods  Between June 2010 and June 2020, 32 patients with advanced local lesions of PGC were treated with extended radical resection. After that, 17 patients were repaired with the free peroneal artery chimeric perforator flaps (trial group) and another 15 patients were repaired with the pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps (control group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, disease type, histopathological classification, clinical stage, and pathological stage between groups (P>0.05). The size of skin flap in trial group ranged from 7 cm×6 cm to 12 cm×8 cm and the size of soleus muscle flap ranged from 5 cm×3 cm to 6 cm×4 cm. The donor sites were repaired with skin grafting. The size of the pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps in control group ranged from 9 cm×6 cm to 14 cm×7 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The operation time, survival rate of flap, and postoperative survival of patients were recorded and compared between groups. At 1 year after operation, the University of Washington quality of life (UW-QOL) questionnaire was used to evaluate the quality of life of patients in the two groups, including appearance, shoulder movement, sociability, masticatory function, speech function, and mood. Results  The operations were completed successfully. The operation time was (6.19±0.72) hours in trial group and (6.41±0.71) hours in control group, showing no significant difference between groups (t=–0.863, P=0.395). The survival rate of flap in trial group was 94.1% (16/17); and 1 patient suffered from vascular crisis after operation and was replaced with the pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. The survival rate of flap in control group was 100%. All grafts survived and the incisions healed by first intention in the two groups. All patients were followed up. The follow-up time was 6-60 months (median, 60 months) in trial group and 7-60 months (median, 60 months) in control group. Survival rates of patients at 1, 3, and 5 years after operation were 94.1%, 64.7%, and 58.8% in trial group, respectively; 86.7%, 66.7%, and 53.3% in control group, respectively. There was no significant difference between groups (χ2=0.090, P=0.762). According to the UW-QOL questionnaire at 1 year after operation, the scores of appearance, shoulder movement, sociability, and mood in trial group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05); and there was no significant difference in masticatory function and speech function between groups (P>0.05). Conclusion  The peroneal artery perforator has an invariable anatomical relationship. Each perforator emits the muscular branch that nourishes the soleus muscle. Therefore, personalized free peroneal artery chimeric perforator flap can be designed according to the tissue defect, and used to repair the defect after advanced local lesions resection in PGC.