• 1. Department of Spine Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou Sichuan, 646000, P.R.China;
  • 2. Department of Spine Surgery and Traumatology Surgery, Zigong Fourth People’s Hospital, Zigong Sichuan, 643000, P.R.China;
TAN Lun, Email: 109872653@qq.com
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Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of Curved Diffusion Needle in unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) by compared with bilateral PVP. Methods A clinical data of 93 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) treated with PVP between January 2020 and January 2021 was retrospectively analyzed, including 47 patients underwent unilateral PVP assisted with Curved Diffusion Needle (unilateral group) and 46 patients underwent bilateral PVP (bilateral group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, time from injury to operation, T value of bone mineral density, AO classification, distribution of injured vertebrae, and preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI), relative height of injured vertebrae, and Cobb angle between the two groups (P>0.05). The operation time, the amount of bone cement injection, the incidence of bone cement leakage, the bone cement diffusion distribution, VAS score, ODI, the relative height of injured vertebrae, and Cobb angle were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results  All operations successfully completed. The operation time was significantly shorter in unilateral group than in bilateral group (t=−13.936, P=0.000), and the amount of bone cement injection was significantly less in unilateral group than in bilateral group (t=−13.237, P=0.000). The incidence of bone cement leakage in unilateral group was 19.14%, which was significantly lower than that in bilateral group (39.13%) (χ2=4.505, P=0.034). The score of bone cement distribution in unilateral group was 7.0±1.3, of which 41 cases were excellent and 6 cases were well. The score of bilateral group was 7.4±0.8, of which 43 cases were excellent and 3 cases were well. There was no significant difference in score and grading of bone cement distribution between the two groups (t=−1.630, P=0.107; Z=−1.013, P=0.311). All patients were followed up and the follow-up time was 3-10 months (mean, 6.5 months) in unilateral group and 3-10 months (mean, 6.1 months) in bilateral group. The VAS score, ODI, the relative height of injured vertebrae, and Cobb angle at 24 hours after operation and last follow-up were significantly better than those before operation in the two groups (P<0.05). There were significant differences in all indicators between 24 hours after operation and last follow-up (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all indexes between the two groups (P>0.05) at the same time point after operation. During follow-up, there was no complication such as contralateral vertebral collapse, refracture, adjacent vertebral fracture, or local kyphosis in the two groups. Conclusion Unilateral PVP assisted with Curved Diffusion Needle for OVCF is beneficial to the distribution of bone cement, which can not only achieve similar effectiveness to bilateral PVP, but also achieve shorter operation time, less bone cement injection, and lower risk of bone cement leakage.