• 1. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rehabilitation Hospital of the National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids, Beijing, 100176, P.R.China;
  • 2. Qinsihe Orthopedics Institute, Beijing, 100010, P.R.China;
  • 3. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beijing Chui Yang Liu Hospital Affiliated to Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100022, P.R.China;
QIN Sihe, Email: qinsihe@163.com
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Objective  To analyze the characteristics of patients with secondary lower limb deformity of spina bifida based on the QIN Sihe Orthopedic Surgery Case Data, and provide the references for clinical research, diagnosis, and treatment. Methods  A clinical data of 1 012 patients with secondary lower limb deformity of spina bifida between October 12, 1986 and December 31, 2020 selected from QIN Sihe Orthopedic Surgery Case Data was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 231 cases (22.83%) had undergone orthopedic surgery for lower extremity deformities in other hospitals. The gender, age at surgery, indicators related to spina bifida (deformity side, comorbidity, sensory disturbance level), and information related to surgery (operating time, surgical site, postoperative fixation method) were analyzed. Results  Of the 1012 patients, 457 were males and 555 were females. The age was 3-51 years at the time of surgery, with a median of 18.0 years; among them, the 15-30 years old group had the most patients, accounting for 53.16%. Most deformities involved both lower limbs (652 cases, 64.43%). There were 111 cases of ulcers in the weight-bearing area of the foot, 265 cases of gatism, 554 cases of sensory disturbance, and 85 cases of abnormal hair on the waist. From 2010 to 2019, there were significantly more patients undergoing surgery than before 2010, reaching 61.17%. Sensory disturbances mostly occurred in the ankle and foot. A total of 1 149 sites were treated with surgery, of which the most ankle joint deformities were corrected by surgery, accounting for 84.33%. The main fixation methods after orthopedic surgery were external fixation, including Ilizarov external fixation (442 cases), combined external fixation (315 cases), and plaster fixation (189 cases). Conclusion  Spina bifida can be secondary to severe deformities of the lower limbs, mainly in the ankles. Common complications include ulcers in the weight-bearing area, dysfunction of urine and feces, and sensory disturbances; external fixation is the main method of fixation after surgery.

Citation: QIN Sihe, GUO Baofeng, WANG Yilan. Preliminary analysis of the clinical characteristics of 1 012 patients with secondary lower limb deformity of spina bifida from QIN Sihe Orthopedic Surgery Case Data between October 12, 1986 and December 31, 2020. Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, 2021, 35(11): 1380-1383. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.202107092 Copy

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