• 1. Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200011, P.R.China;
  • 2. Department of Orthopedics, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510120, P.R.China;
  • 3. Department of Radiology, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200011, P.R.China;
YAN Mengning, Email: wang821127@163.com; WANG Liao, Email: wang821127@163.com
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Objective  To evaluate the three-dimensional acetabular orientation in asymptomatic population and patients of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) using a semi-automated measurement software, which provides data for the differential diagnosis, surgical planning, surgical instrument design, and postoperative evaluation of hip related diseases. Methods Eighty-four cases of CT data in asymptomatic population (asymptomatic group) and 47 cases of CT data in DDH patients (DDH group) were collected. There was no significant difference in gender and age (including age of male and female subgroups) between the two groups (P<0.05). MaxTHA, a semi-automatic measurement software, was used to measure acetabular inclination and anteversion, including operative inclination (OI), radiographic inclination (RI), anatomic inclination (AI), operative anteversion (OA), radiographic anteversion (RA), and anatomic anteversion (AA). Comparisons were made between the two populations, between different Crowe classification subgroups, between different gender subgroups, and between left and right sides of acetabula. Results  The comparison between asymptomatic group, healthy side of DDH group, and affected side of DDH group showed that there was no significant difference in acetabular orientation between asymptomatic group and healthy side of DDH group (P>0.05). The OI, RI, and AI of affected side of DDH group were significantly higher than those in healthy side of DDH group and asymptomatic group, and AA was significantly lower than that in healthy side of DDH group and asymptomatic group (P<0.05). The comparison between the normal acetabula and DDH acetabula with different Crowe classifications showed that there was no significant difference in the acetabulum orientation between Crowe Ⅰ group and the normal group (P>0.05). The OI, RI, and AI of Crowe Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ groups were significantly higher than those of normal group (P<0.05), the OI of Crowe Ⅲ group, RI and AI of Crowe Ⅳ group were significantly higher than those of Crowe Ⅰ group (P<0.05), the AI of Crowe Ⅳ group was significantly higher than that of Crowe Ⅱ group (P<0.05), and the OA, RA, and AA of Crowe Ⅲ group were significantly lower than other subgroups (P<0.05) except Crowe Ⅰ group. The OA, RA, and AA in asymptomatic female group, and the OA and AI in DDH female group were significantly higher than those in all male groups (P<0.05). The OI, RI, AI, and OA of the right acetabula in asymptomatic male group, and the RI and AI of the right acetabula in asymptomatic female group were significantly higher than those on the left side (P<0.05). Conclusion There were significant differences in acetabular orientation between asymptomatic and DDH populations, inter-group differences among Crowe classification subgroups, inter-gender differences among subgroups, and bilateral differences among asymptomatic individuals.