Objective To investigate the effectiveness and adverse effect of the absorbable fixation system on cranial bone flap reposition and fixation after craniotomy. Methods Between July 2010 and December 2011, 67 cases underwent cranial bone flap reposition and fixation with absorbable fixation system after craniotomy and resection of intracranial lesions. There were 38 males and 29 females with a median age of 32 years (range, 5 months to 73 years). The disease duration ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median, 25 months). Forty-one lesions were located at supratentorial and 26 at subtentorial, including at the frontotemporal site in 13 cases, at the frontoparietal site in 12 cases, at the temporal oprietal site in 8 cases, at the temporooccipital site in 5 cases, at the occipitoparietal site in 4 cases, and at the posterior cranial fossa in 25 cases. The diagnosis results were glioma in 15 cases, cerebral vascular diseases (aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, and cavemous angioma) in 8 cases, meningioma in 7 cases, arachnoid cyst in 7 cases, acoustic neurinoma in 5 cases, cholesteatoma in 3 cases, primary trigeminal neuralgia in 5 cases, cerebral abscess in 3 cases, hypophysoma in 2 cases, craniopharyngioma in 2 cases, metastatic tumor in 2 cases, radiation encephalopathy in 2 cases, medulloblastoma in 1 case, ependymocytoma in 1 case, germinoma in 1 case, atypical teratoma/rhabdoid tumor in 1 case, facial spasm in 1 case, and subdural hematoma in 1 case. Intracranial lesion size ranged from 3 cm × 2 cm to 7 cm × 5 cm. The changes of local incision and general condition were observed. Results Subcutaneous effusion occurred in 2 supratentorial lesions and 3 subtentorial lesions, which was cured at 2 weeks after puncture and aspiration. All incisions healed primarily and no redness or swelling occurred. CT scans showed good reposition of the cranial bone flap and smooth inner and outer surfaces of the skull at 2 weeks after operation. All 67 patients were followed up 3-20 months (mean, 10.3 months). During follow-up, the skull had satisfactory appearance without discomfort, local depression, or effusion. Moreover, regular CT and MRI scans showed no subside, or displacement of the cranial bone flap or artifacts. Conclusion Absorbable fixation system for reposition and fixation of the cranial bone flap not only is simple, safe, and reliable, but also can eliminate the postoperative CT or MRI artifact caused by metals fixation system.
Citation： DENG Yuefei,ZHENG Meiguang,WU Jinquan.. PRELIMINARY APPLICATION OF ABSORBABLE FIXATION SYSTEM ON CRANIAL BONE FLAP REPOSITION AND FIXATION AFTER CRANIOTOMY. Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, 2012, 26(10): 1202-1205. doi: Copy